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Topkapı Palace (Turkish: Topkapı Sarayı)
Topkapi Palace was used as a goverment building. It is a museum now and open for the visiter.
The palace is separated from the city by land walls called Sur-i Sultani built by Sultan Mehmed II and by Byzantine sea walls. After its construction, the palace was expanded by additions made during all eras until the reign of Sultan Abdülmecid I (1839-1861) and served as the official residence of sultans and the seat of the government until mid-19th century, when the Ottoman court moved to palaces along the Bosphorus.
After the proclamation of republic, the palace was transformed into a museum on April 3, 1924, by the order of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. In the past, the total area of the palace, including gardens and pavilions, was 700,000 square meters. Today, the museum covers 45,000 square meters. It is one of the world's richest museums with its permanent and temporary exhibition halls and a collection of 80,000 articles.